Афанасьева, Михеева, 8. Учебник. Unit 5. Упражнения 11-20

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1. mustn’t; 2. don’t/doesn’t have to; 3. mustn’t; 4. mustn’t; 5. mustn’t; 6. don’t/doesn’t have to; 7. don’t have to; 8. don’t/doesn’t have to.
1. In the morning my father always buys a newspaper in the newspaper stand.
2. John seldom (rarely) goes on holiday in autumn.
3. I am occasionally late for classes. But I am not at all proud of it.
4. This film has just been shown to the young viewers (audience).
5. He has hardly ever been to England in winter.
6. Have you often met such talented people in the theatre?
7. Mr Roberts doesn’t usually come downstairs to tea.
8. What fruit is often supplied to the capital in summer?
A. 1. Indian; 2. Russia; 3. south; 4. 10 provinces and 3. territories; 5. forests; 6. governor general; 7. 3; 8. English and French
B. 1- c); 2- e); 3- b); 4- a); 5- d); 6- g); 7- f)
1. Russia.
2. … the maple leaf.
3. … the 17th and early 18 th centuries.
4. … English and French …
5. … ten, three … capital city.
6. … half of Canada.
7. … the Queen, the Senate … the House of Commons …
8. Any child. …
1. — a); 2. — a); 3. — b); 4- b); 5. — b); 6. — a); 7. — a); 8. — a); 9. — a); 10. — b)
1. Canada is a big country in the north of the North American continent. It borders on the USA in the south. Canada’s neighbour across the Arctic Ocean is Russia.
2. Canada is washed by the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans. Four of the great American Lakes (Lake Ontario, Lake Huron, Lake Superior, Lake Eire) are partly situated on Canadian territory also there’s the Great Slave Lake and some others. The important rivers are the St Lawrence, the MacKenzie, Canada’s longest river which drains into the Arctic Ocean; the Columbia and theFraser rivers flowing into the Pacific; the Nelson and the Churchill rivers connected with Hudson Bay; the Yukon flows into the Bering Sea and the Saskatchewan flowing into Lake Winnipeg.
3. Canada has different types of relief: highlands and plains. In the east there are the Appalachian Mountains, the Canadian Cordillera and the Rocky Mountains. Canada’s highest peaks are in the St Elias Mountains. The highest point in Canada is Mount Logan (6050 m).
The Canadian preries are an agricultural area.
4. Most of the population (about 80%) live in urban areas concentrated within hundred miles of the US border. This area has a better climate and is more conveniently situated.
5. The country is divided into 10 provinces and three territories. Each province has its own legislation.
6. The biggest Canadian cities are Toronto (Ontario), Ottawa (Ontario), Montreal (Quebec), Vancouver (British Columbia). Toronto is situated on Lake Ontario, Montreal — on Montreal Island in the St Lawrence river, Vancouver — on the Pacific Ocean.
7. The country is rich in gas, oil, coal, gold, copper, iron, nickel, uranium, zinc, and also in forests, and wildlife.
8. I would like to visit Ottawa and Great Lakes because I’d like to see this north city and I also like nature!
1) Canada and Russia are alike because both have very big territories; some of the territory lies behind the Arctic Circle, a lot of the territory is covered with woods; in many places the climate is similar; the parliaments of both countries have two houses, both are federal states etc.
2) Canada and Russia are different because the population of Russia is much larger; Canada has provinces and territories and Russia has federal regions (7). Russia has a president and Canada doesn’t. Canada is a monarchy and Russia is not; Canada has two official languages and Russia doesn’t etc.
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