Баранова, 6. Учебник. Module 3. Russia

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Yuri Lisyanski was the captain of a ship called the Neva, Ivan Kruzenshtern was in the Russian Navy and wanted to establish communication between Russia and China and Nikolai Rezanov was the leader of the expedition that all 3 were part of.
What they had in common was that they were all part of a voyage, taking three years, to establish trade with China and Japan, diplomatic relations with Japan and to make trade with the Americas easier.
navigator (n): explorer who travelled by sea in the past
Imperial Navy (n): the sailors and ships of Russia during the time of the tsars
establish (v): to create
direct communication (n): immediate / straight contact
permission (n): authorization
commander (n): officer in charge
set sail (v): to leave a port (a boat / ship)
leader (n): person in charge
expedition (n): organised journey e.g. of exploration
report (n): official document written about a situation or event
translate (v): to write again in a different language
admiral (n): a senior officer who commands a navy
medal (n): small metal disk given as award for bravery or prize in a sporting event
1 F (Ivan Kruzenshtern was from Estonia.)
2 F (Kruzenshtern went on the voyage with Captain Yuri F. Lisyanski and Nikolai Rezanov.)
3 F (Tsar Alexander 1st gave his permission.)
4 F (The voyage lasted more than three years.)
5 F (They wrote detailed reports of their trip.)
6 T
Kruzenshtern, who was born in Estonia in 1770, joined the Russian Imperial Navy. Tsar Alexander 1st gave him permission to establish communication between Russia and China via the Cape of Good Horn. In 1803, Kruzenshtern, Captain Yuri F Lisyanski and Nikolai Rezanov set sail on the ships Nadezhda and Neva. They wanted to establish trade with China and Japan and diplomatic relations with Japan and make trade with the Americas easier. Rezanov was the leader of the expedition, which lasted over three years. When they returned from their round-the-world voyage, the men created detailed reports, maps and drawings.
Lisyansky travelled to England to buy the two ships for the voyage, Nadezhda and Neva, for 22,000 pounds. He also bought other necessary equipment and clothes for the voyage. In late Summer, 1803, the two ships left Kronstadt and sailed around Cape Horn. After this, Neva headed for Russian America and Nadezhda for Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Kruzenshtern explored and mapped the eastern and northern coasts of Sakhalin.
Kruzenshtern and Rezanov visited Nagasaki but unfortunately the Japanese didn’t want to establish trade agreements with Russia. Lisyansky sailed on to Macao with lots of furs, and there the two ships met again. Then the Nadezhda and Neva sailed to Canton and the Cape of Good Hope. After returning home after three years at sea, the men’s reports inspired many more navigators.
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