Баранова, 6. Учебник. Module 6a

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2 The statues were made of wood.
3 The statue was made of terracotta.
4 The house was made of stone.
5 The columns were made of marble.
6 The helmet was made of metal.
The Terracotta Army is in China. It is special because it was made to guard the tomb of the First Emperor and it was undisturbed for 2,000 years.
1 A
2 D
3 В
4 C
5 A
dig (v): to make a hole in the ground
life-sized (adj): the same size as what it represents
battle (n): an armed fight between soldiers of opposing sides
excavate (v): to carefully remove earth from an area and look for artefacts
reveal (v): to uncover
guard (v): to protect from harm
tomb (n): a large grave
emperor (n): a man who rules an empire
bury (v): to put sth under the ground and cover it with earth
elaborate (adj): detailed
treasure-filled (adj): full of gold, jewels and valuables
unique (adj): one of a kind
facial expressions (n): the way a face shows feelings or emotions
features (n): eyes, nose, mouth, etc.
model (v): to be made to look like sth
pit (n): a deep hole in the ground
chariot (n): an old-fashioned open mode of transport that was pulled by horses
armoury (n): weapons & military equipment
splendour (n): magnificence
burial site (n): the place where sb / sth is buried
reign (n): the length of time a monarch / ruler is in power
law (n): one of the rules in a country
fortress (n): a very strong building built to keep enemies out
remain (v): to stay
untouched (adj): not affected by anyone else
A: When was the Terracotta Army discovered?
В: In 1974.
A: How was it discovered?
B: Some farmers were digging a well.
A: Why was the Terracotta Army made?
B: It was made to guard the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. …etc
1 In 1974, a whole Army of Terracotta soldiers was discovered in China.
2 In ancient China, people were buried along with their possessions because they believed that they could be taken into the afterlife with them.
3 Qin Shi Huang ordered his men to start making this model army when he was only 13.
was excavated (past simple), was revealed (past simple), have been undisturbed (present perfect), were made (past simple), were buried (past simple), could be taken (modal), was modelled (past simple), were also built (past simple), was forgotten (past simple), has been found (present perfect), will be amazed (future), to be missed (infinitive).
1 was
2 will be
3 were
4 is
5 have
1 The tomb of the First Emperor was located near Xiang.
2 Over 8,000 soldiers are estimated to exist.
3 The army was buried over 2,000 years ago.
4 Archaeologists were amazed by the discovery in 1974.
5 The site will be protected by UNESCO for future generations.
I was working with some other farmers. We were digging a well in the fields. Suddenly, I struck something hard with my shovel. I was surprised when I saw the head of a soldier in the ground. It turned out to be a life-sized statue. I was amazed. We stopped digging and informed the authorities. A group of archaeologists came to excavate properly. What we had discovered was the tomb of the First Emperor and there were at least 8,000 more statues and other finds that hadn’t been touched for at least 2,000 years. We were astonished.
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