Unit 40. If I had known … I wish I had known …

Unit 40- Part A

galka.jpgStudy this example situation:
Last month Gary was in hospital for a few days. Rachel didn’t know this, so she didn’t go to visit him. They met a few days ago. Rachel said:

If I had known you were in hospital, I would have gone to see you.

Rachel said: If I had known you were in hospital …. This tells us that she didn’t know he was in hospital.

We use if + had (‘d) … to talk about the past
(if I had known/been/done etc.):
    I didn’t see you when you passed me in the street. If I‘d seen you, of course I would have said hello.  (but I didn’t see you)
    I decided to stay at home last night. I would have gone out if I hadn’t been so tired. (but I was tired)
    If he had been looking where he was going, he wouldn’t have walked into the wall. (but he wasn’t looking)
•    The view was wonderful. If I‘d had a camera with me, I would have taken some photographs.  (but I didn’t have a camera)


•    I’m not hungry. If I was hungry, I would eat something.  (now)
    I wasn’t hungry. If I had been hungry, I would have eaten something. 

Unit 40- Part B

galka.jpgDo not use would in the if-part of the sentence. We use would in the other part of the sentence:

If I had seen you, I would have said hello.
(not If I would have seen you)

Note that ‘d can be would or had:

    If I’d seen you,    (I’d seen = I had seen)
      I’d have said hello.
    (I’d have said = I would have said)

Unit 40- Part C

galka.jpgWe use had (done) in the same way after wish. I wish something had happened = I am sorry that it didn’t happen:

    I wish I’d known that Gary was ill. I would have gone to see him. 
(but I didn’t know)
    I feel sick. I wish I hadn’t eaten so much cake. 
(I ate too much cake)
    Do you wish you had studied science instead of languages?
  (you didn’t study science)

Do not use would have … after wish:
    The weather was cold while we were away. I wish it had been warmer. 
(not I wish it would have been)

Unit 40- Part D

galka.jpgCompare would (do) and would have (done):

    If I had gone to the party last night, I would be tired now.
  (I am not tired now – present)
    If I had gone to the party last night, I would have met lots of people.  (I didn’t meet lots of people – past)

Compare would have, could have and might have:

    If the weather hadn’t been so bad,    we would have gone out.
we could have gone out.
(= we would have been able to go out)
we might have gone out.
(= perhaps we would have gone out)


{slide=1 Put the verb into the correct form.}flag.jpgPut the verb into the correct form.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2 If he’d missed / he had missed the train, he’d have missed / he would have missed  his flight. 
3 I’d have forgotten / I would have forgotten … you hadn’t reminded 
4 I’d had / I had had … I’d have sent / I would have sent 
5 we’d have enjoyed / we svould have enjoyed … the weather had been 
6 It would have been … I’d walked /I had walked 
7 I were / I was 
8 I’d been / I had been{end-tooltip}

1    I didn’t know you were in hospital. If    I’d known    (I / know),   I would have gone  (I / go)
      to see you.
2    Sam got to the station just in time to catch the train to the airport. If ________________ (he / miss)
      the train, ________________ (he / miss) his flight.
3    I’m glad that you reminded me about Amanda’s birthday. ________________ (I / forget)
      if ________________ (you / not / remind) me.
4    Unfortunately I forgot my address book when I went on holiday.
      If ________________ (I / have) your address, ________________ (I / send) you a postcard.
5    A: How was your holiday? Did you have a nice time?
      B: It was OK. but ________________ (we / enjoy) it more if ________________ (the weather / be) nicer.
6    I rook a taxi to the hotel, but the traffic was bad. ________________ (it / be)
      quicker if ________________ (I / walk).
7    I’m not tired. If ________________ (I / be) tired, I’d go home now.
8    I wasn’t tired last night. If ________________ (I / be) tired, I would have gone home earlier. {/slide} {slide=2 For each situation, write a sentence beginning with If.}flag.jpgFor each situation, write a sentence beginning with If.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    If the road hadn’t been icy, the accident wouldn’t have happened.
3    If I’d known / If I had known (that Joe’had to get up early), I’d have woken / I would have woken  him up.
4    If Jane hadn’t lent me the money, I wouldn’t have been able to buy the car. or  … I couldn’t have bought the car.
5    If Karen hadn’t been wearing a seat belt, she’d have been injured / she would have been injured (in the crash).
6    If you’d had / If you had had (some) breakfast, you wouldn’t be hungry now.
7    If I’d had / If I had had (some) money, I’d have got / I would have got  a taxi.{end-tooltip}

1    I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything.
      If I had been hungry, I would have eaten something.   
2    The accident happened because the road was icy.
      If the road _________________________________
3    I didn’t know that Joe had to get up early, so I didn’t wake him up.
      If I _________________________________
4    I was able to buy the car only because Jane lent me the money.
5    Karen wasn’t injured in the crash because she was wearing a seat belt.
6    You didn’t have any breakfast – that’s why you’re hungry now.
7    I didn’t get a taxi because I didn’t have any money.

{/slide} {slide=3 Imagine that you are in these situations.}flag.jpgImagine that you are in these situations. For each situation, write a sentence with I wish.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2 I wish I’d applied / I wish I had applied for it. or … for the job.
3 I wish I’d learned / I wish I had learned to play a musical instrument (when I was younger).
4 I wish I hadn’t painted it red. or  … the gate red.
5 I wish I’d brought / I wish I had brought my camera.
6 I wish they’d phoned / I wish they had phoned  first (to say they were coming).  or I wish I’d known / I wish I had known they were coming.{end-tooltip}

1    You’ve eaten too much and now you feel sick.
      You say:  I wish I hadn’t eaten so much.   
2    There was a job advertised in the newspaper. You decided not to apply for it. Now you think that your decision was wrong.
      You say:  I wish I ____________________________
3    When you were younger, you never learned to play a musical instrument. Now you regret this.
      You say: ____________________________
4    You’ve painted the gate red. Now you think that red was the wrong colour.
      You say: ____________________________
5    You are walking in the country. You’d like to take some photographs, but you didn’t bring your camera.
      You say: ____________________________
6    You have some unexpected guests. They didn’t phone first to say they were coming. You are very busy and you are not prepared for them.
      You say (to yourself): ____________________________


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