Unit 74. The 2 (school / the school etc.)

Unit 74- Part A

galka.jpg74.1.jpg

Unit 74- Part B


galka.jpgWe use prison, hospital, university, college and church in a similar way. We do not use the when we are thinking of the general idea of these places and what they are used for. Compare:

    Ken’s brother is in prison for robbery.
      (He is a prisoner. We are not thinking of a specific prison.)
    Ken went to the prison to visit his brother.
     (He went as a visitor, not as a prisoner.)
    Joe had an accident last week. He was taken to hospital. He’s still in hospital now.  (as a patient)     Jane has gone to the hospital to visit Joe. She’s at the hospital now.  (as a visitor)
    When I leave school, I want to go to university/college.     Excuse me, where is the university, please?  (= the university buildings)
    Sally’s father goes to church every Sunday. (to a religious service)      Some workmen went to the church to repair the roof.  (not for a religious service)


With most other places, you need the. For example, the cinema, the bank
(see Unit 72C and Unit 73D).

Unit 74- Part C


galka.jpgBed    work    home
We say go to bed / be in bed etc. (not the bed):
    It’s time to go to bed now.
    Do you ever have breakfast in bed?

but     I sat down on the bed (a specific piece of furniture)

go to work / be at work / start work / finish work
etc. {not the work):
    Chris didn’t go to work yesterday.
    What time do you usually finish work?


go home / come home / arrive home / get home / be at home
etc. :
    It’s late. Let’s go home.
    Will you be at home tomorrow afternoon?

Unit 74- Part D


galka.jpgWe say go to sea / be at sea (without the) when the meaning is ‘go/be on a voyage’:

    Keith works on ships. He is at sea most of the time.
but       I’d like to live near the sea.
    It can be dangerous to swim in the sea.

Exercises

{slide=1 Complete each sentence using a preposition.}flag.jpgComplete each sentence using a preposition (to/at/in etc.) + one of these words:
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    to school
3    at home
4    to work
5    in hospital
6    at university
7    in bed
8    to prison{end-tooltip}

{xtypo_rounded3}bed        home       hospital        hospital       prison       school       university       work{/xtypo_rounded3}

1    Two people were injured in the accident and were taken    to hospital.   
2    In Britain, children from the age of five have to go ______________.
3    Mark didn’t go out last night. He stayed ______________.
4    There is a lot of traffic in the morning when everybody is going ______________.
5    Cathy’s mother has just had an operation. She is still ______________.
6    When Julia leaves school, she wants to study economics ______________.
7    Bill never gets up before 9 o’clock. It’s 8.30 now, so he is still ______________.
8    If you commit a serious crime, you could be sent ______________. {/slide} {slide=2 Complete the sentences with the word given.}flag.jpgComplete the sentences with the word given (school etc.). Use the where necessary.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}1    с   school
      d   school
      e   … get home from school … The school isn’t very-far.
      f    school
      g   the school
2    a   university
      b   university
      c   the university
3    a   hospital
      b   the hospital … the hospital
      с    hospital
4    a   church
      b   church
      с   the church
5    a   prison
      b   the prison
      с   prison
6    a   bed
      b   home
      с    work
      d   bed
      e   work
      f    work
7    a    the sea
      b   sea
      с   the sea{end-tooltip}

1    (school)
      a   Every term parents are invited to   the school   to meet the teachers.
      b   Why aren’t your children at   school   today? Are they ill?
      с   When he was younger, Ted hated ____________.
      d   What time does ____________ usually start in the mornings in your country?
      e   A: How do your children get home from ____________? By bus?
           B: No, they walk. ____________ isn’t very far.
      f   What sort of job does Jenny want to do when she leaves ____________?
      g  There were some people waiting outside ____________ to meet their children.
2    (university)
      a   In your country do many people go to ____________?
      b   If you want to get a degree, you normally have to study at ____________.
      с   This is only a small town, but ____________ is one of the biggest in the country.
3    (hospital)
      a   My brother has always been very healthy. He’s never been in ____________.
      b   When Ann was ill, I went to ____________ to visit her. When I was there, I met Lisa who is a nurse at ____________.
      с   Peter was injured in an accident and was kept in ____________ for a few days.
4    (church)
      a   John’s mother is a regular churchgoer. She goes to ____________ every Sunday.
      b  John himself doesn’t go to ____________.
      с   John went to ____________ to take some photographs of the building.
5    (prison)
      a   In some places people are in ____________ because of their political beliefs.
      b   A few days ago the fire brigade were called to ____________ to put out a fire.
      с   The judge decided to fine the man £500 instead of sending him to ____________.
6    (home/work/bed)
      a    I like to read in ____________ before I go to sleep.
      b    It’s nice to travel around, but there’s no place like ____________!
      с    Shall we meet after ____________ tomorrow evening?
      d    If I’m feeling tired, I go to ____________ early.
      e    What time do you usually start ____________ in the morning?
      f    The economic situation was very bad. Many people were out of ____________.
7    (sea)
      a   There’s a nice view from the window. You can see ____________.
      b   It was a long voyage. We were at ____________ for four weeks.
      с   I love swimming in ____________. {/slide}

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Деловой английский все чаще используется не только в международных, но и в российских компаниях. В последние годы курсы делового английского превратились в необходимую составляющую профессионального и карьерного роста.