Unit 8. Present perfect 2 (I have done).

Unit 8- Part A

galka.jpgStudy this example conversation:

Have you travelled a lot, Jane?
Yes, I‘ve been to lots of places.
Really? Have you ever been to China?
Yes, I‘ve been to China twice.
What about India?
No, I haven’t been to India.

When we talk about a period of time that continues from the past until now, we use the present perfect
(have been / have travelled etc.). Here, Dave and Jane are talking about the places Jane has visited in her life (which is a period that continues until now).

galka.jpgSome more examples:

•  Have you ever eaten caviar?  (in your life)
•  We‘ve never had a car.
•  Have you read Hamlet?’    ‘No, I haven’t read any of Shakespeare’s plays.’
•  Susan really loves that film. She‘s seen it eight times!
•  What a boring film! It’s the most boring film I‘ve ever seen.

galka.jpgBeen (to) = visited:
•  I’ve never been to China. Have you been there?
galka.jpgIn the following examples too, the speakers are talking about a period that continues until now (recently / in the last few days / so far / since breakfast etc.):
•  Have you heard from Brian recently?
•  I‘ve met a lot of people in the last few days.     
•  Everything is going well. We haven’t had any problems so far.
•  I’m hungry. I haven’t eaten anything since breakfast.
(= from breakfast until now)
•  It’s good to see you again. We haven’t seen each other for a long time.

Unit 8- Part B

galka.jpgWe use the present perfect with today / this evening / this year etc. when these periods are not finished at the time of speaking (see also Unit 14B):
8.3.jpg    I‘ve drunk four cups of coffee today.     
    Have you had a holiday this year (yet)?       
    I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you?
    Rob hasn’t studied very hard this term.

Unit 8- Part C

8.4.jpggalka.jpgWe say: It’s the (first) time something has happened. For example:
    Don is having a driving lesson. It’s his first one.
       It’s the first time he has driven a car. 
(not drives)
     or       He has never driven a car before.
    Sarah has lost her passport again. This is the second time this has happened.  (not happens)
•    Bill is phoning his girlfriend again. That’s the third time he‘s phoned her this evening.


{slide=1 You are asking people questions about things they have done.} flag.jpgYou are asking people questions about things they have done. Make questions with ever using the words in brackets.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2 Have you ever been to California?
3 Have you ever run (in) a marathon?
4 Have you ever spoken to a " famous person?
5 What’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever visited?{end-tooltip}

1    (ride / horse)    Have you ever ridden a horse?    
2    (be / California?)  Have _______________________________  
3    (run / marathon?)   _______________________________      
4    (speak / famous person?  _______________________________    
5    (most beautiful place / visit?)  What’s  _______________________________

{/slide} {slide=2 Complete B’s answers.}

flag.jpgComplete B’s answers. Some sentences are positive and some negative. Use the following verbs:
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    haven’t seen
3    haven’t eaten
4    I haven’t played (it)
5    I’ve had /I have had
6    I haven’t read
7    I’ve never been / I haven’t been
8    ‘s been / has been
9    I’ve never tried / I haven’t tried    or
      I’ve never eaten / I haven’t eaten
10  it’s happened / it has happened or
      that’s happened / that has happened
11  I’ve never seen / I haven’t seen{end-tooltip}

{xtypo_rounded3}be      be      eat       happen      have        meet        play        read       see       see       try {/xtypo_rounded3}


{/slide} {slide=3 Complete the sentences using today / this year / this term etc.} flag.jpgComplete the sentences using today / this year / this term etc.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    haven’t read one / haven’t read a newspaper
3    it’s made a loss / it has made a loss / it hasn’t made a profit
4    she hasn’t worked hard this term
5    it hasn’t snowed (much) this winter
6   haven’t won many/any games this season{end-tooltip}

1    I saw Tom yesterday, but    I haven’t seen him today.   
2    I read a newspaper yesterday, but I ________________________ today.
3    Last year the company made a profit, but this year ________________________.
4    Tracy worked hard at school last term, but ________________________.
5    It snowed a lot last winter, but   
6    Our football team won a lot of games last season, but we ________________________.

{/slide}{slide=4 Read the situations and write sentences as shown in the example.}flag.jpgRead the situations and write sentences as shown in the example.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    Have you played tennis before? No, this is the first time I’ve played tennis.
3    Have you ridden a horse before? / Have you been on a horse before? No, this is the first time I’ve ridden a horse. / … I’ve been on a horse.
4    Have you been to London before? No, this is the first time I’ve been to London.{end-tooltip}

1    Jack is driving a car, but he’s very nervous and not sure what to do.
      You ask:      Have you driven a car before?     
      He says:     No, this is the first time I’ve driven a car.   
2    Ben is playing tennis. He’s not good at it and he doesn’t know the rules.
      You ask:  Have ______________________________________
      He says:  No. this is the first  ______________________________________
3    Sue is riding a horse. She doesn’t look very confident or comfortable.
      You ask:  ______________________________________
      She says:   ______________________________________
4    Maria is in London. She has just arrived and it’s very new for her.
      You ask:  ______________________________________
      She says:  ______________________________________ {/slide}

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