Unit 88. All / all of, most / most of, no / none of etc.

Unit 88- Part A

galka.jpg88.1.jpg

Unit 88- Part B


galka.jpg

all    some    any    most    much/many    little/few    half     none


You can use the words in the box with of
(some of / most of etc.).
We use some of / most of / none of etc. + the/this/that/these/those/my … etc. So you can say ‘some of the people‘, ‘some of those people (but not ‘some of people’):
       Some of the people I work with are not very friendly.
       None of this money is mine.
       Have you read any of these books?
       I was sick yesterday. I spent most of the day in bed.


You don’t need of after all or half.
So you can say:
       All my friends live in Los Angeles.   or   All of my friends …
       Half this money is mine.  
or   Half of this money …

Compare:
       All flowers are beautiful.  (= all flowers in general)
         All (of) the flowers in this garden are beautiful.  (= a specific group of flowers)
       Most problems have a solution.  (= most problems in general)
          We were able to solve most of the problems we had (= a specific group of problems)

Unit 88- Part C


galka.jpgYou can use all of / some of / none of etc. + it/us/you/them:

       ‘How many of these people do you know?’    ‘None of them. / A few of them.
       Do any of you want to come to a party tonight?
       ‘Do you like this music?’    ‘Some of it. Not all of it.’

We say:
all of us / all of you / half of it / half of them etc. You cannot leave out of before it/us/you/them:
       All of us were late.  (not all us)
       I haven’t finished the book yet. I’ve only read half of it
(not half it)

Unit 88- Part D


galka.jpgYou can also use some/most etc. alone, without a noun:

       Some cars have four doors and some have two.
       A few of the shops were open, but most (of them) were closed.
       Half this money is mine, and half (of it) is yours. 
(not the half)

Exercises

{slide=1 Put in of where necessary.}flag.jpgPut in of where necessary. Leave the space empty if the sentence is already complete.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}3    –
4    of
5    –
6    –
7    of
8    of
9    – (of is also correct)
10  -{end-tooltip}

1    All   –   cars have wheels.  (the sentence is already complete.)
2    None    of    this money is mine.
3    Some _____ films are very violent.
4    Some _____ the films I’ve seen recently have been very violent.
5    Joe never goes to museums. He says that all _____ museums are boring.
6    I think some _____ people watch too much television.
7    ‘Are any _____ those letters for me?’     ‘No, they’re all for me.’
8    Kate has lived in London most _____ her life.
9    Jim has lived in Chicago all _____ his life.
10  Most _____ days I get up before 7 o’clock. {/slide} {slide=2 Choose from the list and complete the sentences.}flag.jpgChoose from the list and complete the sentences. Use of (some of/ most of etc.) where necessary.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}3    of my spare time
4    accidents
5    of the buildings
6    of her friends
7    of the population
8    birds
9    of the players
10  of her opinions
11  European countries
12  (of) my dinner{end-tooltip}

{xtypo_rounded3}

accidents    
birds
cars
European countries    
her friends
her opinions
my dinner
my spare time    
the buildings
the players
the population
these books

{/xtypo_rounded3}

1    I haven’t read many    of these books   .   
2    All    cars    have wheels.
3    I spend much ___________ gardening.
4    Many ___________ are caused by bad driving.
5    It’s a historic town. Many ___________ are over 400 years old.
6    When she got married, she kept it a secret. She didn’t tell any ___________.
7    Not many people live in the north of the country. Most ___________ live in the south.
8    Not all ___________ can fly. For example, the penguin can’t fly.
9    Our team played badly and lost the game. None ___________ played well.
10  Julia and I have very different ideas. I don’t agree with many ___________.
11  Sarah travels a lot in Europe. She has been to most ___________.
12  I had no appetite. I could only eat half ___________. {/slide} {slide=3 Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.}flag.jpgUse your own ideas to complete these sentences.
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    the time
3    my friends
4    (of) the questions
5    the photos / the photographs / the pictures
6    (of) the money{end-tooltip}

1    The building was damaged in the explosion. All    the windows   were broken.
2    We had a very lazy holiday. X’e spent most of ______________ on the beach.
3    I went to the cinema by myself. None of ______________ wanted to come.
4    The test was difficult. I could only answer half ______________.
5    Some of ______________ you took at the wedding were very good.
6    ‘Have you spent all ______________ I gave you?’    ‘No, there’s still some left.’ {/slide} {slide=4 Complete the sentences.}flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use: all of / some of / none of + it / them / us (all of it / some of them etc.)
{tooltip}Key.{end-link}2    All of them
3    none of us
4    some of it
5    none of them
6    None of it
7    Some of them
8    all of it{end-tooltip}

1    These books are all Jane’s.   None of them    belong to me.
2    ‘How many of these books have you read?’    ‘_________________. Every one.’
3    We all got wet in the rain because _________________ had an umbrella.
4    Some of this money is yours and _________________ is mine.
5    I asked some people for directions, but _________________ was able to help me.
6    She invented the whole story from beginning to end. _________________ was true.
7    Not all the tourists in the group were Spanish. _________________ were French.
8    I watched most of the film, but not _________________. {/slide}

back.jpg Unit 87      Unit 88     Unit 89 forward.jpg