Юхнель, 7. Unit 2. Lesson 1

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Обсудите вопросы в парах.
— Do you enjoy shopping?
— Yes, I do. I enjoy shopping.
— How often do you go window-shopping?
— I do window-shopping from time to time.
— Do you think that shopping can be a hobby?
— I don’t know. May be.
— Is it a good way to spend free time?
— Sometimes it is funny. But there are other ways to spend leisure time.
a) Рассмотрите разные виды магазинов и прослушайте рассказ об опыте шоппинга Рози. Какие магазины она упоминает?
She mentions such shops as supermarket, sweet shop, department store, bakery, newsagent’s, pet shop.
b) Работа в парах. Что продается в каждом магазине?
— What is sold at the book shop?
— At the book shop books are sold.
— What do they sell at the bakery?
— They sell bread and buns and rolls there.
— What goods are sold at the sweet shop?
— At the sweet shop sweets are sold.
— What do they sell at the pet shop?
— They sell pets at the pet shop.
— What do people buy at the newsagent’s?
— People buy the press at the newsagent’s.
— What is sold at the toy shop?
— At the toy shop toys are sold.
— What do people buy at the chemist’s?
— People buy medicines and vitamins at the chemists’s.
— What goods are sold at the department store?
— At the department store all kinds of goods are sold.
a) Прослушайте рассказ Рози еще раз и дополните предложения. Используйте слова из таблички.
1. I haven’t been there since Christmas.
2. I haven’t bought any clothes for half a year.
3. I haven’t bought anything at the newsagent’s for ages.
4. I haven’t been to the pet shop since September.
b) Рассмотрите диаграммы. Какая диаграмма является иллюстрацией предлога for? Какая диаграмма является иллюстрацией для since? Diagram В illustrates for.
Diagram A illustrates since.
c) Остальные слова из таблички из упр. 3а разместите в двух колонках: for или since.
since summer since my birthday since last year since 2009 since yesterday for two weeks for more than 10 days for months for 10 minutes
a) Используйте for или since, чтобы написать законченные предложения с Present Perfect Tense.
1. My sister has had her pet guinea pig since Easter.
2. I have known my best friend for 3 years.
3. In our family we haven’t watched TV since 2007.
4. My mum hasn’t bought anything to eat since Monday.
5. We have written 2 tests since the beginning of the school year.
6. I haven’t done the washing up since we bought a dish-washer.
7. My partner hasn’t talked to me for ages.
b) Измените некоторые из предложений в упр. 4а, чтобы они стали правдивы для вас.
1. I have had my cat since last year.
2. In our family we have used computer for five years.
3. My Dad hasn’t bought nothing to eat since Monday.
Когда вы в последний раз были в магазине игрушек? Выберите фразы из таблички в упр. За. Запишите ваше предложение. Напишите и о других магазинах на картинках.
I haven’t been to the toyshop since I was 10 years old.
I haven’t been to the Chemist’s for ages.
I haven’t been to the sweet shop since last week-end.
I haven’t been to the department store since last month.
I haven’t been to the bakery since yesterday.
I haven’t been to the newsagent’s for ages.
I haven’t been to the pet-shop since we bought our cat.
a) Посмотрите текст интервью Рози в конце книги. Найдите ответы на вопросы. Ответила ли она на все вопросы?
1. I enjoy window-shopping.
2. I have been to many shops.
3. I’ve been to the supermarket many times.
4. I haven’t been there since September, when we bought my Princess.
5. I bought two kilos of sweets there.
6. There is bakery not far from our house.
7. They sell delicious bread.
8. I haven’t bought anything else.
9. I used to go to the newsagent’s.
10. Now my dad buys newspapers on his way to work.
11. I haven’t bought there anything for ages.
12. My favourite shop is a pet-shop.
13. I haven’t been there since September.
14. I like it because I love pets.
b) Выберите вопросы, на которые вы хотели бы ответить. Подготовьтесь рассказать о своем опыте шоппинга. Используйте начала предложений в скобках, чтобы ответить на вопросы.
When we want to buy something we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, buy most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men’s and women’s clothing stores, grocery, a bakery and a butchery.
I like to do my shopping at big department stores and supermarkets. They sell various goods under one roof and this is very convenient. A department store, for example, true to its name, is composed of many departments: ready-made clothes, fabrics, shoes, sports goods, toys, china and glass, electric appliances, cosmetics, linen, curtains, cameras, records, etc. You can buy everything you like there. There are also escalators in big stores which take customers to different floors. The things for sale are on the counters so, that they can be easily seen. In the women’s clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses, skirts, coats, beautiful underwear and many other things. In the men’s clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats, ties, etc. In the knitwear department one can buy sweaters, cardigans, short-sleeved and long-sleeved pullovers, woolen jackets. In the perfumery they sell face cream and powder, lipstick, lotions and shampoos. In a food supermarket we can also buy many different things at once: sausages, fish, sugar, macaroni, flour, cereals, tea. At the butcher’s there is a wide choice of meat and poultry. At the bakery you buy brown and white bread, rolls, biscuits. Another shop we frequently go to is the greengrocery which is stocked by cabbage, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, carrots, beetroots, green peas and what not. Everything is sold here ready-weighed and packed. If you call round at a dairy you can buy milk, cream, cheese, butter and many other products. The methods of shopping may vary. It may be a self-service shop where the customer goes from counter to counter selecting and putting into a basket what he wishes to buy. Then he takes the basket to the check-out counter, where the prices of the purchases are added up. If it’s not a self-service shop, and most small shops зге not, the shop-assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants. You pay money to the cashier and he gives you back the change.
с) Работа в парах. Послушайте рассказ своего партнера о его опыте шоппинга. На какое количество вопросов он отвечает?
Every day before leaving for school I look around the kitchen to see what we need. And on my way from school I drop into the nearest supermarket, fortunately enough it’s not far from my house, and buy bread and other everyday essentials. Every Friday evening my Mum and I examin our kitchen more carefully as Saturday is our shopping day. The shopping list is rather long, so we both go shopping.
Mum and I go to the supermarket where we can buy different things at once: fish, bread, sausages, flour, tea, sugar, spices, eggs. I think that a bakery department is among the best in the shop as it has a rich choice of rolls, buns and biscuits. And what is more important they are always fresh and tasty. We all have a sweet tooth, so we never miss the confectionery, where we usually buy sweets, candies, chocolate bars, cakes and so on.
Another department of the supermarket, which we have to visit, is a dairy. At the dairy we buy milk, cream, yogurt, cheese, butter and other products. My Mum and I are regular customers at the greengrocer’s where potatoes, carrots, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, beetroots, oranges, apples and other fruits and vegetables are sold. But frankly speaking in summer we prefer buying fruits, berries and vegetables at the nearest market. They are fresher and cheaper there.
At the butcher’s there’s a wide choice of meat and poultry, such as beef, pork, mutton, chicken and turkey. It’s really a great skill to choose a piece of meat you need, for soup or for chops or shashlyk, so it’s my Mum who is to buy meat. I’m still to learn a lot in this sphere of shopping.
Different cereals, flour, sugar, salt, tea, coffee, different spices can be found at the grocery.
Sometimes, not very often I should admit, I have to go to a department store. Any department store, true to its name, is composed of a number of departments where customers can buy everything they like: fabrics and footwear, china and glass, ready-made clothes and cosmetics, toys and electric appliances, furniture and sport goods, cameras and films, and what not. Nowadays some larger department stores contain a supermarket and coffee shops where customers can have a cup of coffee and a sandwich. Goods are displayed in the attractive window displays so even before entering we see a great amount of goods of high quality ready to meet our tastes and needs. But frankly speaking my family and I prefer buying at the market, as it is cheaper there. Very often we have a richer choice of goods there as well.
I can’t but say that our shops are becoming more and more European-like. Their halls, shelves, adverts attract more customers. Long queues are little by little disappearing from our life and shopping gets some element of fun and entertainment.
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